Gynecomastia describes enlargement or growth of male breast tissue. In adolescence, many cases of gynecomastia are self-limited and will resolve without treatment. However, in some circumstances, gynecomastia may be related to medical conditions such as: obesity, medications, drug use, and conditions which affect hormone levels.
Surgery may play a role in the treatment of gynecomastia. Surgical procedures may involve a combination of liposuction as well as excision (direct removal) of the excess breast tissue. The incision is typically limited to a short scar camouflaged in the areola (pigmented skin surrounding the areola). The procedure is commonly performed on an outpatient basis. Following surgery, some form of compression therapy (ie ace wrap) is used to minimize swelling.